Komon ( 小紋 )

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A dyeing process in which Japanese paper stencils and glue are used to create small patterns. During the Edo period, they were used by the men in samurai families, but they later became popular with common townswomen because of the delicate patterns.

Komon is distinctive because of the small prints covering the whole fabric. Unlike tsukesage, prints fall in all directions. For tobigara, the prints are further apart from one another, while for sougara, the prints are packed tightly into a brilliantly-patterned fabric.
Bingata komon combines bright colors and designs, and a special technique called kumadori is used to add color by hand. Okinawan bingata flourished after the war and was designated an intangible cultural asset of the prefecture. After the war, an Edo komon craftsman was named an Important Intangible Cultural Property (Living National Treasure) to differentiate Edo komon from other komon. Ateji (calico) is also a type of komon, and its name in China was “inkafu”, meaning printed cloth. Other types of komon include shobori komon and striped komon.
Komon is an everyday wear, and can be matched with hanhaba or Nagoya obis. Kyo-yuzen komon or sougara komon with gold foil can be matched with a fukuro obi for a more elegant look.

[quote style=”boxed”]In Japanese